muscle and ligament sprain
Most common cause is due to higher
concentration of work over high-speed machines. Muscles
around the spiral column get fatigued due to remaining in a
particular posture for a long time. The fatigued soft tissue
structure finally start paining due to sprain.
Disc degeneration appears to
occur in nearly everyone as part of an aging process.
However, this degeneration does not inevitably cause back
pain. The disc prolapse develops at a location that is at
the most significant stress position during bending and
rotation of the back. The action of forward bending combined
with a side twist is the most common cause of Disc Prolapse.
Facet joints are probably the primary
sites of pain in 10% to 15% of workers with chronic back
pain because these joints are heavily innervated with pain
The tunnel inside the vertebral body is
called Canal. Back pain due to canal narrowing is most
common in workers in there 60ís and 70ís
Back pain is complex, perceptual
phenomenon comprise of psycho-social factors. Chronic back
pain frequently leads to a depression pain syndrome.